DISPENSING OPTICS AND PRIMARY EYE CARE
Prof.Dr. MITHAT KIYAK
Director School of Health Sciences, Okan University
mithat.kıyak@okan.edu.tr

One of the main elements in social development is the effective delivery of health care. The growth of population in many countries can cause to a lack of delivery in basic health care services, time, money and manpower. Healthcare can be divided in three main groups: preventive, healing, rehabilitating. Preventive and primary health care has a special position: the more advanced a country is, the more efficient the delivery of such services are. Protecting the health of people is easier than healing them. Healing services cost more and need more manpower. In our country, primary health care has always been a field of attention and discussion. Today, Public Health Centres and Family Health Centres are delivering preventive and primary health care. Unfortunately, they still need to be improved, especially in the field of eye care.

The optician is a healthcare professional who delivers and adapts the appropriate optical frame and the right glasses to patients with prescriptions, and who is specialized in contact and cosmetic lenses. Thus, the optician is an important actor of primary eye care. The International Symposium on Educational and Commercial Development in Vision Care will be an important contribution to the public based on to its explicative nature regarding the importance of optical professions within the eye health services.

We would like to thank TOOMAD - the Professional Association of Opticians and Optometrists and invite all opticians, eye care professionals, academicians and entrepreneurs to attend and to support the Symposium.


PRIMARY EYE CARE
NURAY BAŞÇİFTÇİ TOP
Senior Lecturer Dispensing Optics (Department of Medical Services and Technologies), Okan University
nuray.basciftcitop@okan.edu.tr

The human eye is one of the most affected perceiving organs of the body, receiving the highest rate of external stimuli (after the skin). Consequently, they have to be protected, especially against the harmful UV rays from the sun, which can cause irritation, sensitivity, redness and tearing. On the long term, UV rays can trigger cataracts and cause permanent damage on the retina and the macula. Furthermore, hot and dry radiator air in winter days or air conditions in the summer can breed dry eye syndrome. This gets only worse with the daily use of VDU’s, since we blink less while we “stare” at a video or when we read something. In addition to that, people who work at industrial plants have often the problem that their eyes are exposed to chemical and physical particles, as well as dust in the air. Another problem (which can be eliminated with a good primary eye care system) is the early detection of lazy eye in children, where a late diagnosis doesn’t allow the eye health practitioner to improve the quality of vision. The forthcoming symposium will therefore be important for its function to raise awareness in how to protect and to maintain eye health and a good vision.


THE POSITION OF OPTICIANS IN DELIVERY OF PRIMARY EYE CARE
Öğr. Gör. SEVİM DEVRAN
Head of Department Medical Services and Technologies, Okan University
sevim.devran@okan.edu.tr

Its undoubted that primary care has a big importance among other health care services, and it is much cheaper to deliver than the treatment itself. Therefore it’s essential that eye care specialists who are responsible for treatment, can work much more effectively by shifting off a burden, and this can only be possible with increasing the number of qualified and competent opticians. Today, 11 universities (3 private and 8 state) provide a programme for dispensing optics. The number is expected to grow. As we all know, an “optician” today, is a healthcare professional who delivers and adapts the appropriate optical frame and the right glasses to patients with prescriptions, and who is specialized in contact and cosmetic lenses. The correct delivery of vision aids is as important as the right prescription/specification. Correct delivery and effective communication will rise the efficiency of treatment services and customer satisfaction rate. On the other hand, it will help to avoid refractive errors and eye diseases to get worsened. This way, optical professions will show their contribution to primary health care services. Clear fact is that the First International Symposium on Educational and Commercial Development in Vision Care will handle topics, which are very much important for the occupational and commercial development of the optical professions.



OPTICAL AND OPTOMETRIC PROFESSIONS FOR PRIMARY EYE CARE
ERDOĞAN ÖZDEMIR
Programme Director Dispensing Optics, (Department of Medical Services and Technologies), Okan University
erdogan.ozdemir@okan.edu.tr

Dispensing optics, which has its roots in handicrafts, has evolved with the time into a primary (and public protecting) eye and vision care profession in Europe. In Turkey however, the optician has not been able yet to slip out of the image and the identity of a “salesperson doing spectacles”.
I believe that the symposium will help to raise awareness about the necessity of progress in optical and optometric professions (for the sake of public eye care), and to carry these professions to a more convenient position for the future.


THE POSITION OF PRIMARY EYE CARE IN TURKEY AND IN ADVANCED COUNTRIES
NİDA KAHRAMAN
Programme Director Medical Documentation and Secretariat, (Department of Medical Services and Technologies), Okan University
nida.kahraman@okan.edu.tr

The main function of primary eye care is to determine issues related to the eye and to prevent diseases. In this regard, our care personnel for treatment of such diseases is sufficient, however only the treatment side of care will inevitably result in late (or no) detection (and consequently the treatment) of eye diseases and/or huge loss of money and manpower. Improving measures to take in development of primary eye care will help to prevent such loss. We can see that in some European Countries, primary eye care services are provided by opticians and optometrists. Opticians prepare and apply optical aids (glasses, contact lenses, etc.) to patients with prescriptions/specifications while optometrists examine their eyes and determine which optical aid is suitable for this patient. Both professions are indispensable for the development of primary eye care in Turkey. I believe that this symposium will contribute to understand the importance of optometry and optics by the general.


OPTICAL BUSINESSES FROM AN ETHICAL POINT OF VIEW
Dr. TUBA SERT
Senior Lecturer Vocational School, (Department of Medical Services and Technologies), Okan University
tubasert1@gmail.com

Businesses involved in the health sector differentiate from other profit oriented businesses in many ways. In this context, it’s important that optical businesses which are simultaneously delivering healthcare services to the public and yet operating within the framework of commercial rules, should be assessed with a view to business ethics carefully, since it will help them to grow their business properly without lacking in their responsibilities against stakeholders. At the same time, the evaluation of protective (primary) eye care professions in the light of professional ethics could also be helpful for the development of the optical profession itself. The 1st International Symposium on Educational and Commercial Development in Vision Care will provide, through valuable academicians who have delivered works in several fields of professional and sectoral development, an exceptional academic contribution to the optical profession. The main target of the work is to enhance the service quality and customer satisfaction within our society.